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Vietnam and The Far East

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Vietnam (Vietnamese: Vi?t Nam), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a nation in Southeast Asia. It borders the People's Republic of China to the north, Laos to the northwest and Cambodia to the southeast. To the country's east lies the South China Sea. With a population of approximately 84 million, Vietnam is one of the most densely populated nations in Southeast Asia. [citation needed]

The name of the country comes from the Vietnamese Vi?t Nam, which means the land of the Viet people in the South (Nam). Having been ruled intermittently by Chinese dynasties, Vietnam achieved independence in the 10th century. In the mid-19th century, Vietnam became a part of French Indochina. During World War II, Vietnam was occupied by Japan. After World War II, Vietnamese nationalists waged a 9-year Indochina War for independence from France. When communist forces gained control of North Vietnam, the civil war with South Vietnam soon became a part of the U.S. global campaign against communism. Following the withdrawal of U.S. forces, communist forces overran South Vietnam in 1975.

The Vietnam War had devastated the nation's economy and infrastructure, killing millions of civilians. It also killed many American soldiers. Under communist rule, Vietnamese forces overthrew the Khmer Rouge regime of Cambodia and fought a brief war against China in 1979. After a decade of communist policies, Vietnam began experimenting with free-market economics in the 1980s, and today is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. Although agriculture remains important to the people of rural Vietnam, the nation is also host to modern industries. Despite extensive reforms and development, the government and political life is firmly controlled by the Communist Party of Vietnam.

Vietnam extends approximately 331,688 square km (128,066 sq mi) in area. The area of the country running along its international boundaries is 4,639 km (2,883 mi). The topography consists of hills and densely forested mountains, with level land covering no more than 20%. Mountains account for 40% of the area, with smaller hills accounting for 40% and tropical forests 42%. The northern part of the country consists mostly of highlands and the Red River Delta. Phan Xi Pang, located in Ląo Cai province, is the highest mountain in Vietnam at 3,143 m (10,312 ft). The south is divided into coastal lowlands, Annamite Chain peaks, extensive forests, and poor soil. Comprising 5 relatively flat plateaus of basalt soil spread over the provinces of Š?k L?k (or "Dac Lac"), Gia Lai, and Kon Tom, the highlands account for 16% of the country's arable land and 22% of its total forested land. Before 1975, North Vietnam had maintained that the Central Highlands and the Giai Truong Son were strategic areas of paramount importance, essential to the domination not only of South Vietnam but also of the southern part of Indochina. Since 1975, the highlands have provided an area in which to relocate people from the densely populated lowlands.

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Flights to Vietnam | Resorts and Hotels | Car Rental

Book Your Holiday To Vietnam From:

Hayes and Jarvis - Hayes & Jarvis has been creating award-winning specialist long haul holidays for travellers for more than 50 years. It now operates to more than 50 worldwide destinations ATOL (No 1275), ABTA (No V1464)
Airline Network - Fly to Vietnam from any UK airports.
Opodo - flights, hotels, car rental, city breaks and package holidays in Vietnam
eBookers - For cheap package, luxury and last minute holiday offers.
Expedia - Book cheap package holidays, luxury holidays and last minute holidays today.
LastMinute.com - Offers you last minute and luxury holiday offers world wide.
Kuoni Travel - Kuoni Travel are Britain's best known longhaul luxury holiday tour operator offering a wide range of tailormade holiday types in over 65 countries. From 3* to luxury, cruises to safaris, scuba diving to skiing and luxury spas to escorted tours.
British Airways Holidays - For individual, couples or family holidays.
Singapore Airlines - Internationally recognised as one of the world's leading carriers in Vietnam and the Far East.

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